Achilles Tendonitis / Heel Pain

What is Achilles Tendonitis?

Achilles Tendonitis occurs when the Achilles tendon which inserts on the back of your heel (Calcaneus) becomes inflamed and sore. Achilles Tendonitis is a condition that can be particularly painful and is prevalent in individuals who participate in running or jumping sports.

What are the symptoms of Achilles Tendonitis?

  • Pain and stiffness in the Achilles region that gets worse during physical activity
  • Increased stiffness and pain during early morning or night
  • May be signs of inflammation in the Achilles region
  • Painful lumps or nodules on the back of the heel/tendon
  • Pain in the Achilles tendon walking upstairs or after resting

What can cause Achilles Tendonitis?

  •  Overuse
  • Increased intensity of activity
  • Increased duration of training
  • Walking up lots of stairs or hills
  • Poor Footwear
  • Improper training surfaces
  • Not stretching enough after activity or a tight Achilles tendon
  • Age
  • Biomechanical abnormalities such as flat feet, high arched foot, unusual heel position
  • Certain medial diseases may affect the tendon such as diabetes or diseases that require corticosteroid treatments
  • Taken certain antibiotics such as fluoroquinolones

How do we treat Achilles Tendonitis?

  • Rest
  • Ice
  • Activity Modification
  • Stretching
  • Heel Lifts
  • Footwear assessment and modification
  • Prevention and Strengthening Program
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